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140                                     SAWtfE JAY SD*B 01 AJfBER,
Sinli, who commenced his long reign of 44 years in 1699 A.D.   Till the day
of his death lie was engaged In almost co3istant warfare, but is less known to pos-
terity by his military successes, brilliant though they were, than by Ms enlight*
ened civil administration and still mot© exceptional literary achievements.   At
the outset lie made a false move} for in tihe war of succession that ensued upon
the death of Aurangzeb, he attached Mmself to prince Bedar Bakht and fought
by his side in the fatal battle of Dhol-pur.   One of the first acts of Shah Alam,
on his consequent elevation to the throne, -was to sequester the principality of
Amber.   An Imperial Governor was sent to take possession, but Jay Sinh drove
Mm out sword in hand, and then formed a league with Ajit Sinh of Marwar for
mutual protection.   From that day forward he was prominently concerned in all
the troubles and warfare of that anarchic period, bat never again on the losing
side.    In 1721, he was appointed Governor of the Province of Agra and later of
Halwa; but he gradually loosened his connection with the Court of DelM, from
a conviction that the dissolution of the Muhamnrad&n empire was inevitable, and
concluded terms with the Mahrattas*   At Ms accession, Amber consisted only of
the three parganas of Amber, Deosa, and Barsao, as the Shaikhawats had made
them jelves independent and the western tracts had been attached to Ajmer,
He not only recovered all that his ancestors had lost, but further extended his
frontiers by the reduction of the Bargujars of Deoti and Rajaar and made • his
State worthy to be called the dominions of a Raja—-a title which he was the
first of his line to assume.   The new capital, which he founded, he called after
Ms own name Jaypur, and it is still to the present day the only native city in
India built upon a regular plan; the only one also, it must unfortunately
be added, in which the street arcMtecture is absolutely bad and systematically
false and pretentious ; though it is tke fasMon for Anglo-Indians to admire it,
He is said to have been assisted in the execution of Ms design by an architect
from Bengal.
In consequence of his profound knowledge of astronomy, lie was entrusted by
Muhammad Shah with the reformation of tbe calendar. To ensure that amount
of accuracy which he considered tke small instruments in ordinary use must
always fail to command, he constructed observatories with instruments of his
own,invention on a gigantic scale. One of these was oa the top of the Mathnri
Port, the others at Delhi, Jaypur, Ujaiyin, and Banaras. His success was
so signal that he was able to detect errors in the tables of De la Hire, which
had been communicated to Mm by the King of Portugal. His own tables were
completed in 1728 and are those still used by native astronomers. He died